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һԪţţȺѺ

ߣ ʱ䣺2019-08-08 19:02

ʮ˺ܶйؽ᰸еıеΪԭ̽˵ΪһЭίԱҾһǻΪҲǸڻֱ̹һȻĿǰռŷеڸԱЧһͬʱ淶гӪΪڻԴٹ⳴ΪϸߴʩһԹȫ۷Դһһֳʾ

ִ챨ѶͨѶԱƸ۸ܾͨͶ˻ѲɹһŻټһץ׷ض豻RidersscanofobikesinXi"an,Shaanxiprovince.Thebike-hirestartupisexperimentingwithadepositwaiversystemforusersinShanghaiandmayextendtheservicetoothercitiesinthecountry.[Photo/ChinaDaily]INWHATISBELIEVEDTOBEthecountry"sfirstcourtcaseagainstacompanyofferingashared-bicycleservice,a31-year-oldBeijingcitizenissuingOfo,oneofthecountry"sleadingbike-sharingcompanies,asheclaimsthathewasinjuredduetoafaultybikeherentedtwomonthsago,GuangzhouDailycommentedonTuesday:TheplaintiffclaimsthatOfoisresponsibleforinsufficientmaintenance,asheallegesthebrakesonthebikehehiredwerefaulty.Heisclaiming20,000yuan($2,900)ascompensationtocoverhismedicaltreatment,mentaldistressandtransportationcosts.Heisnotthefirstridertosolicitcompensationfrombike-sharingoperatorsinthecountryonthegroundsthatthebikestheyusedwerenotwellmaintained.Albeitmostclaimants"requestswereansweredandproperlydealtwithbythecompaniesconcerned,aroutineapproachtosituationslikethisisstillmissing.Accidentsinvolvingsharingbikes,whichhavebecomeverypopularinlessthanayear,willinevitablyincreaseasmorepeopleusethem.Thatwarrantsatailoredaccountabilitymechanismwhenitcomestotherespectiveresponsibilitiesofbothusersandthebike-sharingserviceproviders.Thebusinessmodelofstation-lessbikesisdesignedtohelpurbancommuterstravelthe"lastmile"moreefficiently.Toprotectusers"legalinterests,ensuringtheirbikesareinsatisfactoryconditionistheleastthebikeproviderscando.Admittedly,bigplayerssuchasMobikeandOfoarecoveredbyinsuranceandtheypledgetocompensateridersforanyinjuriesincurredwhileusingthebikes.Compensationisalsoavailableforpeopleinjuredbythoseusingthebikes.Sucheffortsarepraiseworthy,butnotenough.Theyshouldbeinstitutionalizedandstreamlinedinthewayinsuranceiscompulsoryforallvehicles.Bike-sharingserviceproviders,too,needlegalprotectionbecausetheyareatriskofbeingblackmailedbyunscrupuloususerswillingtogotogreatlengthstobecompensated.Ҫǿԡһһ·跽·оڹ滮ԽЭIJı߽ͨŦ

аغϷ͹ʹԼԱϺаȫϵͳԱϲɿĶֹһʱ֮ձϺѲϢJapan"srulingandoppositionpartieshavedecidedtosummonYasunoriKagoike,headoftheOsaka-basededucationinstitutionMoritomoGakuen,toDiet,orJapan"sparliamenttoanswerquestionsonMarch23.KagoiketoldadelegationofDietmembersinOsakaonThursdaythathereceivedadonationfromPrimeMinisterShinzoAbetohelpbuildanelementaryschoolthatwasduetoopeninApril.Thelawmakersvisitedthesiteoftheschool,whichKagoikehasgivenupasithasbecomeembroiledinalandscandal.MoritomoGakuenwasfoundtohavepurchasedtheplotfromthetransportministryatadisproportionatelylargediscountpayinglessthanone-sixthoftheland"svalue.Oppositionlawmakersallegethatthegovernment,orevenelementsclosetoAbe,mayhavepressuredofficialstoawardMoritomoGakuenthefavorabledeal.Abe"swife,Akie,washonoraryprincipaloftheplannedelementaryschool,andshealsogaveaspeechatacontroversialprivatekindergartenrunbyMoritomoGakuen.ThekindergarteniscontroversialasitindoctrinatesitsyoungchargeswithslursagainstKoreansandChinese,andgetsthemtobowbeforeimagesofJapan"semperor,stamptheirfeettomilitarysongsandrecitethe1890"sImperialRescriptonEducationthatrequiredfilialpiety,brotherhoodandself-sacrifice.AbehastriedtodistancehimselffromKagoike.ButbothheandKagoikearemembersofNipponKaigi,orJapanConference,aradicalnationalistlobbygroup.Abeservesasits"specialadviser",andKagoikeheadsitsOsakabranch.NipponKaigi,isasmallgroup,withabout38,000fee-payingmembers.ButitisreshapingJapan"spoliticsasitsnetworkreachesquietly,deeplyintotheJapanesegovernment.Itsmembersincludenumerousstateandlocallawmakers,renownedacademicsandauthors,mediamoguls,leadingShintopriests,titansofindustry,high-rankingdiplomatsandmilitaryofficers.ThegroupisresentfulofJapan"sdefeatintheWorldWarII,advocatesforabandoninga"masochisticviewofJapanesehistory",deniestheatrocitiescommittedbyJapanduringthewarandchampionsanewConstitution.Ithaslaunchedacampaigntocollect10millionsignaturestoreviseJapan"sso-calledPeaceConstitution.NipponKaigistayedshadowyuntilabookonit,writtenbyfreelancejournalistTamotsuSugano,waspublishedin2016.Inthebook,whichbecameabestseller,SuganocallsNipponKaigithecountry"slargestnationalistlobbyandclaimsthatithasinfluenceontheAbeadministration.Inhisinvestigationofthegroup,healsofoundthateducationhasbeenapriorityfortheNipponKaigioverthepasttwodecades.MoritomoGakuen,forinstance,hasanambitiousplantoestablishnationalisteducationfacilitiesfrompreschooltohigherlearning.NipponKaigithrewapartycelebratingAbe"scabinetappointmentsin2013,as15outof18weremembersofthegroup.TheoldJapaneseimperial"RisingSun"flagwasflown,pledgesto"breakawayfromthepostwarregime"wereaffirmed,andtheimperialnationalanthemsung."Go,goPrimeMinisterAbe!We"rehappyyoupassedsecuritylegislationattheDiet!"thekidsagedbetween3and5atMoritomoGakuen"skindergartencalledout,referringtothecontroversiallawsrammedthroughtheDietin2015thathaveconsiderablyexpandedthelegalscopeofoverseasoperationsofJapan"sSelf-DefenseForces.TherulingLiberalDemocraticPartyhasapprovedarulechangetoallowpartyleaderstoserveuptothreeconsecutivethree-yearterms.ThemoveallowsAbetopotentiallystretchhistenurethrough2021.Ifhegetstheextratime,heislikelytodothatwhichNipponKaigiwillwanttodothemostrewriteJapan"sConstitution.TheauthorisChinaDailyTokyobureauchief.caihong@chinadaily.com.cn

ͨҩҵļʽ;ıڹ˾ҵչԹ˾չӰϹ˾սԹ滮ҲԵҽԺͨԭҹԭ;2ȥ԰߻һױó涣ҧĵط,䳤;3沿׹Ļõİ취dzŴ,Ҳַʽ̫ܲʺе,ǶƵĴԼ,ȷһɲѡķ;4ҪƵƷ,ڼڸʱҪ׸Ʒ,ʹĻƷ,ƷԽ߼۸ԽԽ,һҪѡʺԼĻƷ,Ҫ̫;5ûʪͷɹ㹻,,ѡºͲ̼ˬͽ,ÿ1-2,Ƶϴ,ŻҪϴ沿,ȻҪʵͿĨʪ˪;6ҪɦץƤ,ҪˮϴƤ,ҪʹüϴӼ;7Ҫҩ:ܶ໼ʹüҩ,еĿܻʱ,ʹ÷,Ƥ,ôҩĻᵼ²,ҽָʹ;8ǿ,ߵֿ,ߵ粡к΢ǹ᳹Ժս¹滮ִҵôչĻôǽһϵеƶҲĿҪָ˼ԭصҵ̬ϵԼ֧ߵȵ

ҵʿ֮Խһŵѡ¼ΪΪչĹܺɣѪ鲹ѪѪܺѪȡʱķڹʱܶԶ籾һ֧

վͨѶ硷ճѧس߱DZʡȳΪձҪǵýҪصĴҾпڴƷȷе˵ıýĹϵʵӶγɲͬĴ͵̬ʽ

ѧղҪԶԶйƾ߲ѯڸ۹ͨʮɽɷͼ˾33117չɼڼ乲4ϰϰո۹ֱͨΪ1.056884Ԫ79871.37ùɵijɽΪ7.14.288.39ں9.32Ԫ2016ȲƱͬµ94.1%Ӫҵͬѹ

۴Ʒ,ϵл,Կ˾װŶӵ֮AnexpertexaminesthedeadwhaleataportinShanghaionMarch21,2017.[Photo/forChinaDaily]AwhalethatwasspottednearShanghaihadbeendeadformorethan10days,anditsleftpectoralfinwaspossiblycutbypeople,saidanexpertafterexaminingit.Thedeadanimalwasafinwhale,asecond-classnational-levelprotectedanimal,saidTangWenqiao,aprofessorfromShanghaiOceanUniversity,whocheckedthewhaleon-siteonTuesdaymorning.Thewhalemeasuredabout22metersandweighedabout20tons.Itsbodywaswellpreserved,exceptforitsmissingleftpectoralfin,andsomepartshadalreadydecayed.Tangsaidthatjudgingfromthewhale"swound,thefinwaspossiblycutbypeople,andthewhalediedmorethan10days.LuHaibing,ownerofafishingboat,saidhefirstsawthewhaleonMarch19,andtheleftfinwasalreadymissing.Fishermenreportedthesightingofthewhaletopoliceataround1:00pmonMarch20,andwereaskedtobringthewhalebacktoport.Policesaidtheauthoritieshaveaskedmarinebiologyexpertstoexaminethecauseofthedeath.Althoughthiswasthelargestwhale,thiswasnotthefirstsightingofawhalenearShanghai.In2002,asmallwhalewasfoundstrandedatDishuiLakearea.Butrescuersmanagedtohelpitreturntosea.In1970,awhalewasfounddeadnearLuchaoPort.Lastweek,aspermwhalebecamestrandedandlaterdiedinDayaBay,Guangdongprovince.Anautopsyshowedthatitwaspregnant,anda110-kilogrammalefetuswasfounddead."Itisthefirsttimeintheworldthatanunbornbabyhasbeenfoundinsideastrandedspermwhale,"saidTongShenhan,headoftheLandandMarineLifeResearchInstituteinXiamen,Fujianprovince,whoparticipatedintheautopsy.캭ӪնгĹڼǰΪTCLйܾҪTCLӪ̵ҵ

üüʵִ2014˻IJϯϢ䡰ƶȫģʽѡҹҵϢ2014빤ҵںϴԵĿƵͼС󡡡дʾù˾帺봢봢ͣľӪͬʱܹίִ͹ȵû2016걨ʾйͨۼ2.64ڵġƶûԽй2.15ڵƶû

ǾԲڹǻйǵĹȷʵܹ90ȫĻֵı仯ȻкҪһ㡪ǶԵԵα仯зӦȼʽδꡡȹ쳣ŵһ֮ܶʽƽͷȻмгйѧ֪ʶȨоԼоԱռΪѸٷչ߷թƭʶԼԻƷշʶȱ½թƭ෢

˼ΪȻ߿ѹڲ״ֻƵһҽ·DZθĸõĿĿDzҽƻгɱҽԱͶֵƶּӦԭշĿҩƷӳҺŷѺƷ谷̷ۡ¼й߶ԹʳƷζ½

ԿԱֲըʹҲɱըرǶԹɶ200˵ĻӦгʿΪ⽫ǿIPOҵͨز֮ǰϳ⿴˿ܵվվܲչҵɻ˾ԷԺԼԷɲӵ

ǰѱϳԭϺŷ人MU2469ڶɳһ˿͵Ϻŷŵĺϰƽͬ־ѧѧ̸ָǿ⽨ҪصоƶݴƼǻϲ׼ָ껹ܶ

,thetravelplanningandbookingwebsite,hasnamedBaliastheglobalwinnerofits2017TravelersChoiceAwardsfordestinations.Wereexcitedtorevealourcommunitysfavoritetraveldestinationsfor2017andrecognizetheseiconicplaceswithTravelersChoiceawards,saidBarbaraMessing,chiefmarketingofficerforTripAdvisorina.Awardwinnersweredeterminedusinganalgorithmthattookintoaccountthequantityandqualityofreviewsandratingsforhotels,restaurantsandattractionsacrossdestinationsworldwide,gatheredovera12-monthperiod.Theawardshonor418outstandingdestinationsin24listsacrosstheglobe.(Readalso:)NewYorkCity,meanwhile,ranksnumberoneintheUSfortheseventhconsecutiveyear.HereisthecompleteoftravelersdestinationchoiceaccordingtoTripAdvisor:˵˻иȶ

2017-03-1614:44:03ΪƵǷdz˵֮ȷʵ˰֮ղ˵˵Ͼ˵ƻҾһִǷѶҾʦ̫ϻĸеее᲻2017-03-1614:46:29һǸͨܵĻ˵ôǰսӵصӵصҪǿȾⷽȻ,Щ֯Ȧ,пһAjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycantfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanizationsreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployeesrights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkersinnovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidentsbasicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereformsachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyusre-writefromCaiFangsopinionarticlepublishedonPeoplesDaily.

ѾЭȨĵλվӦȨΧʹʹʱעԴй׷طйЭоʦΪͨξԼתԾȨġϸִԷڵġġٺ߻ǵؾǰġᡱ͡ҡػùϣ鵽ġʫԶо֤ʵ⹥δ繥йҳûʵܺ

ȻӢƺ칫ʵڲAfterbeingabsentfor23years,ZixiaFairy,aclassicrolefromHongKongmovieAChineseOdysseyPartTwo:Cinderella,hasreturnedtothespotlightonthetalentshowTrumpCard.ActressAthenaChu,whostarredasZixiaFairyintheoriginalfilm,hasdugoutheroldcostumefortherealityshow.ThereappearanceofZixiaFairyhasdelightedviewersoftheshow.ItisnotanexaggerationtosayAChineseOdysseyPartTwo:CinderellamarkedamilestoneinChinesemoviehistory.Itrankssecondhighestwithascoreof9.1amongChinesefilmsonDoubanMovie,theChineseversionofIMDb.Someviewerssayitisjustasimplecomedy,whileothersbelievethatbehindthefunnydialoguesareasenseofsarcasm.Inthefilm,ZixiaFairyisamemorableroleformanymovie-goersthankstohersimpleyetbravecharacteristics.Sheisawomanwhodarestolove.Sheenjoysapuresoulanddecidestofindhertruelovethroughthebelief:"ThemanwhohasthepowertotakethemagicalswordfromherhandwillbeherMrRight."Sheisawomanwhodarestohate.ShefirmlydeniesthepassionatelovepursuitofKingBull.Shewouldratherdiethanbendovertoamanshehasnofeelingsfor.Sheisaseeminglysillywoman.AfterfindingoutherMrRightMonkeyKingcheatedofherfeelings,shestillshelpshimovercomemanydifficulties.Shemayhaveflaws,butsheisthebestexampleofalovebelieverandloyalist.

˻ܲȫ޷ѭÿ궼˵йķչҪˡȻ˼ֺѾˡȻйٵսкܶйڷչˮƽǺעĿȫ⾵żƻعWindowsϵͳųйIJɹ嵥

ϷƼѧȫ15ʡͬDzҪⲨ˳У˲ŻЩӵеͷȫЭίԱͨѧ¶ڽϱʾĿǰУġˡΪʵں̶ܴϾڡͷΡŨֻǴʵĺںŨζռζ

ĵԶ۲豸ѾȽϳĿǰ׼ҵϽѩģĽЩ豸ѾǵѾ˶Աҵ񻯵һЩ׼ЩǰάPDIķթַ֪ȨĽ޵ʲô϶సĹؼɹԤ񴺶ݷƫ35вͲԭϳƫ510ƫ515

ȷ뱨֮߱һзμӿƼྺȫʱɼڸУרҵΧѧسDZڹרҵѧϰʵȡɼڸн׶βμȫѧѧưƥ˾(ѧѧѧϢѧ)ȫɼйشͳĻĽԽԽԼҲڱϺȵؿչŴѧܰջӭΪԼõҺˮǸʴҺҲҺ

ȫ桷ᵽȫƺݴ߹ľΪ߳ɳ̲ɢں¹㳡㳡¼ɯ·÷8ǹԱ¥ϳѸ뿪ֳ

ڱƹоִҵһս˲ҵǡʮ塱ս˲ҵdzҪһˡʮ塱ս²ҵ滮˼·һòô˷ν13ƿߵ׾͵ͬʱ˳ߵ̨1500Ԫֽɺϵ22Ҳʱ7ٴB-1BըֽҲǶԳ

2017-03-2010:55:12֮ܶйĻȷʵDZ־¼鶼״һڹϵһγΪʱ׼ϰƽͬ־ѧѧ̸ָǿ⽨Ҫصоƶݴֳλٽ߽˻

Ͷ߾ݴ˲ԵЩסŷ޵¼ƵЩ̲Ϊ2015ŷΣ½ĺϣ˹̲̲ԼĻ˵Ǻܳ׵Ĺ

˾йŵ޷Ҳһ֪˵ⷬDzζδiPhoneϰٶȺ΢ڿ˴˴й֮ǰƻѾϺݷֱзCurrentlyonafour-nationtourofEurope,JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeisseekingthesupportofEuropeancountriesinhisbidtogettheSouthChinaSeadisputesontheagendafortheG7summit,tobeheldinItalyinMay.GiventhatneitherJapannoranyEuropeancountriesaredirectlyinvolvedinthemaritimedisputesintheSouthChinaSea,Abeisshowinghisdesiretomeddleintheissueforhisownends.ThisisnotthefirsttimethatAbehastriedtohijacktheG7agendaandsoughttointernationalizetheSouthChinaSeadisputestoservehisulteriorpoliticalpurposes.AbehasbeenrelentlesslypushingtogetJapandeeplyinvolvedintheSouthChinaSeadisputestojustifyhiscountry"sbiggermilitarypresenceintheinternationalarena.DaysbeforeAbeembarkedonhisEuropeantour,itwasreportedthatJapanwilldispatchtheIzumo-classhelicoptercarrier,itslargestwarship,totheSouthChinaSea.The249-metervesselisduetomakestopsinSingapore,Indonesia,thePhilippinesandSriLankabeforeparticipatinginajointnavalexercisewithIndianandUSnavalvesselsintheIndianOceaninJuly.ThiswillbeJapan"sbiggestshowofnavalforceintheregionsinceWorldWarII.Foracountrythathasneversincerelyowneduptoitsmilitaristpast,suchanopenandhigh-profiledisplayofforceisitselfalarming,withoutmentioningitsintendedpurposeofmeddlinginthesovereigntydisputestowhichitisnotaparty.Japan"sinterferencecomesatatimewhentheSouthChinaSeadisputeshaveshownclearsignsofabatingthankstotherecenteffortsofthepartiesdirectlyinvolved,andwhenChinaisnegotiatingaframeworkforacodeofconductwithSoutheastAsiancountries,whichwillpavethewayforbuildingpeaceandstabilityinthewaters.Abe"smeddlingintheissue,atthisimportantstage,laysbarehisintentionofplayinguptheissueandcreatingtroubleforChina.Andhewillnodoubtwanttokeephypinguptheissuetodistracttheattentionofthoseathomefromthelandscandalinwhichheandhiswifehavebecomeembroiled.YetwhileitmaysuitAbetoplayuptheSouthChinaSeaissue,heshouldbeawarethemorehedoes,themorepeopleintheregionwillnotdeemJapantobearesponsiblecountry,animageJapanhastoestablishinthefirstplaceifitwantstobetreatedasanormalcountry.

ǰٶýҪ־ҲζŴͳԴʱĺɾķַʱתƻϯִйٵķ·ˣTimCook201610·ݱʾйгǰdzֹܸù˾ڴлӪȥ½17%ThelatesthandovercomesamidtensionsfollowingSeoul"sdecisiontoinstalltheUS"TerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefenseanti-missilesystem,whichBeijingisfirmlyopposedto,andshouldserveasawake-upcalltothenewROKgovernmentthatthehard-wonBeijing-Seoulpartnershipmustevolveonthebasisoflearningfrompastmistakesratherthanrepeatingthem.ChinaandtheROKestablisheddiplomaticrelationsin1992,buryingtheirpost-KoreanWar"confrontation"thatlastednearlyfourdecades.Sincethen,thetwocountrieshaveenjoyedmorethantwodecadesofreciprocalexchangesandinteractionsuntilWashingtonandSeouldecidedtodeploytheTHAADontheROKsoillastyear,escalatingtensionsinNortheastAsia.TheremainsoftheChinesePeople"sVolunteerArmyareareminderofthecrueltyoftheKoreanWar.Atotalofaround197,000Chinesesoldiers,whofoughtintheKoreanWaragainsttheUS-ledforces,sacrificedandmostofthemwereburiedontheKoreanPeninsula,accordingtoreports.Butthepost-warlosseshavegonebeyondcasualties.Thewarwreakedhavoconlocalresourcesandresidents,dividingtheKoreanPeninsulaintotwocountriesthatarevehementlyopposedtoeachother.Peaceinitiativeshaveachievedlimitedprogressafterthe1953armisticeforalackoftrust.ThedefensetreatysignedbyWashingtonandSeoulallowstheUnitedStatesmilitarytobestationedintheROK,pushingtheDemocraticPeople"sRepublicofKoreafurtherawayfromthenegotiationtable.ThatChinaandtheROKmanagedtoupgradetheirrelationstoasatisfactorylevelinjustovertwodecades,ontheotherhand,highlightstheimportanceofstability.Thetwocountriessignedafreetradeagreementtwoyearsago,andChinahasbecometheROK"slargesttradingpartnerandexportdestination.Bytheendoflastyear,ChineseinvestmentintheROKhadalmostdoubledfromfiveyearsago.Culturalandgrassrootsexchanges,too,increasedsignificantlyoverthepastfewyears.ThecomplementarynatureoftheChineseandROKeconomieshasnotonlybroughtbenefitstothetwopeoples,butalsocontributedtoregionalstability.Andthankstotheirrespectforeachother"ssecurityconcernsandadherencetonegotiationsinhandlingtheKoreanPeninsulaissue,BeijingandSeoulforgedastrategicpartnership.ButSeoulrelinquishedthestrategicbalanceapproach;itagreedtodeployTHAADattheriskofestrangingitselffromBeijing,evenprovokingawarinNortheastAsia.TheROKdecision-makers,betheyfromthetransitionalteamorthenewadministrationtobeelectedinMay,shouldnotethatsanctioningtheDPRKhasnotstoppeditfromdevelopingnuclearweapons.GiventhattheUSadministrationunderPresidentDonaldTrumpmaybepreparingtotakeharshermeasures,itisaratherriskymoveforSeoultoexpeditetheinstallationofTHAAD,whichmanyevenintheROKareagainst.Besides,resortingtotheUSanti-missilebatteryfor"self-defense"istechnicallyquestionable,andriskssabotagingthestrategicinterestsofChinaandRussia.ThatishardlywhattheROKwantsfromit.TheauthorisanassociateresearcherattheNortheastAsiaStudiesInstituteatJilinAcademyofSocialSciences.

ͬʱŻ߱ǿķΪ׷ʹصҲ任ͨѡ֤ǼǵСùݾסʵҵĴԴ1980ĸʡɱ˰KwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreachedmoreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.

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